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Institute for Energy and the Environment

Institute Staff

Photo of Michael Dworkin Michael Dworkin

Director and Professor of Law

Michael Dworkin has been a utility regulator, an environmental litigator, and a successful small businessman. He clerked for the D.C. Court of Appeals, represented U.S. EPA in appellate litigation, and was general counsel of the Vermont Public Service Board before becoming its chairman for six years. In 2003, he received the Kennedy School of Government Award for the Public Service Board for Innovations in American Government. In 2008, he was granted NARUC's "Kilmarx Award for Good Government, Clean Energy and the Environment." He has been a the Director of the Electric Power Research Institute, the Vermont Energy Investment Corporation, and the American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy. He has been an invited speaker at close to 200 conferences in more than 25 states and six nations. Dworkin earned a BA from Middlebury College and a JD from Harvard Law School.


Photo of Kevin Jones. Kevin Jones, PhD

Associate Director, Senior Fellow for Energy Technology and Policy

Seeking solutions to the energy and environmental policy challenges facing the electric power industry has been the focus of Kevin Jones’ career. Dr. Jones has been at the center of the transformation of the electric power industry in the Northeast as the Director of Power Market Policy for the Long Island Power Authority (LIPA) and as the former Director of Energy Policy for the City of New York. LIPA is one of the largest municipal utilities in the country and is a leader in energy conservation and alternative energy technologies. While at LIPA, Kevin collaborated on energy policy with both the Large Public Power Council and the New York Transmission Owners. He has also consulted on energy issues as an Associate Director with Navigant Consulting and Resource Management International. Kevin received a Ph.D. from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute's Lally School of Management and Technology, a Masters from the LBJ School of Public Affairs, University of Texas at Austin and a BS from the University of Vermont. While at RPI, Kevin taught Managing Energy Issues in the Environmental Management and Policy Program. His doctoral research compared the market-based approach to regulating Acid Rain in the U.S. to the command and control approach of the European Union.
Download Kevin Jones's Resume (PDF).

Photo of Betsy Baker Betsy Baker

Associate Professor of Law and Senior Fellow for Oceans and Energy

Betsy Baker brings her knowledge of international law and organizations to emerging issues in oceans and energy resources. Teaching and writing about law of the sea led her to her current work in the Arctic Ocean, as part of the science crew mapping the U.S. continental shelf. She has worked at law firms and research institutions in the U.S. and Germany, earning her BA from Northwestern University, her JD from Michigan, and her LLM and Dr. iur. from Kiel’s Christian Albrechts-Universitaet in Germany, where she lived and worked for over a decade. A frequent speaker on continental shelf and Arctic legal issues, she is also an Affiliate Professor of Law and Arctic Policy at the University of Alaska – Fairbanks.

Ben Sovacool Benjamin Sovacool

Visiting Professor and Senior Fellow for Energy Security & Justice

Dr. Benjamin K. Sovacool is currently a Visiting Associate Professor at Vermont Law School, where he manages the Energy Security and Justice Program at their Institute for Energy & the Environment.  His research interests include the barriers to alternative sources of energy supply such as renewable electricity generators and distributed generation, the politics of large-scale energy infrastructure, designing public policy to improve energy security and access to electricity, and building adaptive capacity and resilience to climate change in least developed Asian countries. He has served in advisory and research capacities at the National University of Singapore, U.S. National Science Foundation's Electric Power Networks Efficiency and Security Program, Virginia Tech Consortium on Energy Restructuring, Virginia Center for Coal and Energy Research, New York State Energy Research and Development Authority, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Semiconductor Materials and Equipment International, U.S. Department of Energy's Climate Change Technology Program, Union of Concerned Scientists, the International Institute for Applied Systems and Analysis near Vienna, Austria, and the International Energy Agency in Paris, France.  He has also consulted for the Asian Development Bank, United Nations Development Program, and United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific.  He is the author or editor of eight books and more than 130 peer reviewed academic articles on various aspects of energy and climate change, and he has presented research at more than 60 international conferences and symposia in the past few years.  He is a frequent contributor to Energy Policy, Energy & Environment, Electricity Journal, Energy, and Energy for Sustainable Development.  His email address is

Photo of Peter Bradford. Peter Bradford

Adjunct Professor

A former member of the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission and former chair of the New York and Maine utility regulatory commissions, Peter Bradford has taught at the Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies and currently is an Adjunct Professor at Vermont Law School teaching “Nuclear Power and Public Policy.” A member of the China Sustainable Energy Policy Council, he served on a recent panel evaluating the reliability of the Vermont Yankee nuclear power plant, on the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development Panel advising how best to replace the remaining Chernobyl nuclear plants in Ukraine, a panel on the opening of the Mochovce nuclear power plant in Slovakia, and the Keystone Center collaborative on nuclear power and climate change. He is the author of “Fragile Structures: A Story of Oil Refineries, National Securities and the Coast of Maine” and many articles. He is a graduate of Yale University and the Yale Law School and is Vice Chair of the board of The Union of Concerned Scientists.
Download Peter Bradford's Resume (PDF).

Photo of Mark Cooper Mark Cooper

Senior Research Fellow for Economic Analysis


Mark Cooper is a Senior Research Fellow for Economic Analysis at the Institute for Energy and the Environment; his current project is Energy Assessment. Dr. Cooper holds a PhD from Yale University and is a former Yale University and Fulbright Fellow. He has provided expert testimony in over 250 cases for public interest clients including Attorneys General, People’s Counsels, and citizen interveners before state and federal agencies, courts, and legislators in almost four dozen jurisdictions in the U.S. and Canada. Dr. Cooper has published numerous books and articles on energy, telecommunications and high technology industries. His energy related publications include: "A Consumer Analysis of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Standards: The Cornerstone of Consumer-Friendly Energy/Environmental Policy (Consumer Federation of America, May 2009); “The Failure of Federal Authorities to Protect American Energy Consumers from Market Power and Other Abusive Practices,” Loyola Consumer Law Review, 19:4 (2007); “Recognizing the Limits of Markets, Rediscovering Public Interest in Utilities,” in Robert E. Willett (ed), Electric and Natural Gas Business: Understanding It! (2003 and Beyond) (Houston: Financial Communications: 2003); “Economics of Power: Heading for the Exits, Deregulated Electricity Markets Not Working Well,” Natural Gas, 19:5, December 2002; "Protecting the Public Interest in the Transition to Competition in New York Industries," The Electric Utility Industry in Transition (Public Utilities Reports, Inc. & the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority, 1994); "The Seven Percent Solution: Energy Prices, Energy Policy and the Economic Collapse of the 1970s," in Energy Concerns and American Families in the 1980s (Washington, D.C.: The American Association of University Women Educational Foundation, 1983); "Policy Packaging for Energy Conservation: Creating and Assessing Policy Packages," in Jeffrey Harris and Jack Hollander (Eds.), Improving Energy Efficiency in Buildings: Progress and Problems (American Council for An Energy Efficient Economy, 1982). Energy and Equity: Rising Energy Prices and the Living Standard of Lower Income Americans (Westview Press, 1982).
Download Mark Cooper's Resume (PDF).