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Institute for Energy and the Environment


Publications

Publications

  • A Farmer's Guide to Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy: The Agriculture Energy Outreach Team recently published A Farmer's Guide to Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy.  The purpose of this Guide is to introduce energy efficiency and renewable energy generation as ways for farmers to reduce their vulnerability to the volatile variable of on‐farm energy costs. This guide provides an overview of on-farm energy projects that can help reduce a farmer's overall energy use without compromising yield.  Importantly, this guide also highlights key federal incentives available to support the pursuit of these renewable energy and energy efficiency projects, explaining who is eligible and how to apply for funding.  In addition to federal resources, this guide provides useful resources and contact information to help locate technical and financial assistance in each state. 

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  • Financing Residential Energy Efficiency in Vermont We began this research based on the assumption lack of financing stops most homeowners from improving the energy efficiency of their homes. However, after only a few interviews with Vermont lenders, the primary issue emerged: lack of demand. Without a strong reason to demand more energy efficiency, few homeowners will work through the bewilderingly complex process that leads to an outcome with unknown benefits. Vermont needs a simple, start-to-end process that includes easily accessible financing and policies that make the value of energy efficiency improvements visible to homeowners and to the market.

Executive Summary

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  • New report detailing Ethanol Subsidies released with IEE and Food and Water Watch Long heralded as a green alternative to fossil fuel, corn-based ethanol has become a costly distraction that chiefly benefits corporate, political and lobbying interests rather than the American public, the environment, small farmers and rural communities, according to a new report by Vermont Law School’s Institute for Energy and the Environment and Food & Water Watch, a Washington, D.C.-based nonprofit. The report "Crystal Eth: America’s Crippling Addiction to Taxpayer-financed Ethanol,” finds that the Ethanol industry has received over $22 billion in government support from 1999 to 2008, and that the funds largely benefited large agribusiness companies rather than supporting smaller farmers.PDF Icon
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  • "Implementing the Arctic Offshore Oil and Gas Guidelines" White Paper Series. White Paper No. 5, on Greenland and the Russian Federation, is now available. The Institute for Energy and the Environment is pleased to announce a fifth White Paper in its series on Arctic Offshore hydrocarbon development. The series examines how Arctic Ocean coastal states' regulations reflect guidelines produced by the Arctic Council/PAME for offshore oil and gas activity. The IEE prepared papers on Canada and the United States in Fall 2010. In February 2011, the IEE presented the Greenland and Russian Federation White Paper to the Inuit Circumpolar Council, which commissioned the study.PDF Icon
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    • Zhen Zhang and Matthew Stern, NERC Today and Tomorrow, Public Utilities Fortnightly, March 2010
    • John A. Sautter and Christina Switzer, A Change in Climate? How State Regulators Are Making Decisions in Response to Global Warming, Elec. J. (forthcoming 2008).
    • Michael Dworkin & Rachel Goldwasser, Government Accountability and Independent System Operators, 28 Energy L.J. 453 (2007).
    • John A. Sautter, Laura Furrey & R. Lee Gresham, Construction of a Fool's Paradise: Ethanol Subsidies in America, 7 Sustainable Dev. L. & Pol'y 26 (2007).
    • John A. Sautter, Where Have All the Benefits Gone: Cost Allocation Toward Residential Ratepayers in Restructured Electricity Markets, 20 Elec. J. 36 (2007).
    • Michael Dworkin, et al., Revisiting the Environmental Duties of Public Utility Commissions, 7 Vt. J. Envtl. L. 1 (2006).
    • Michael Dworkin, Shanna Vale & Ellen Crivella, The (im)Prudence of Coal Investment, 314 Sci. 1791 (2006).
    • Keith Dennis, The Compatibility of Economic Theory and Proactive Energy Efficiency Policy, 19 Elec. J. 58 (2006).
    • In re. Vermont Electric Power Company, Inc. and Green Mountain Power Corporation, Docket No. 6860, 2005 WL 351182 (Vt. P.S.B. Jan. 28, 2005), available at http://www.state.vt.us/psb/6860fnl012805.pdf. Order conditionally approving 75-mile electricity transmission project, including separate statement by Chairman Michael Dworkin.
    • In re. Entergy Nuclear Vermont Yankee, LLC, Docket No. 6812, 232 P.U.R. 4th 219 (Vt. P.S.B. March 15, 2004), available at http://www.state.vt.us/psb/orders/2004/files/6812fnl.pdf. Order conditionally approving upgrade of Vermont Yankee nuclear plant from 540 to 650 MW.
    • In re. Department of Public Service’s Request to Reduce the Amount to be Collected Via the Energy Efficiency Charge in the Year 2003, Docket No. 6777, 222 P.U.R. 4th 521 (Vt. P.S.B. Dec. 30, 2002) (Chairman Dworkin, dissenting) http://www.state.vt.us/psb/orders/2002/files/6777BoardOrderandDissent.pdf. Dissent from Order reducing size of energy efficiency program for year 2003.
    • Proposed Sale of Vermont Yankee Nuclear Power Corporation to Entergy Nuclear Vermont Yankee, Docket NO. 6545, __ P.u.R. 4th __ (Vt. PSB June 13, 2002). Order modifying sale of nuclear power plant and long term purchase power agreement for one-third of state’s power for a decade.
    • In re. Energy Efficiency Plan Re: Phase II, Docket No. 5980, 196 P.U.R. 4th 476 (Vt. P.S.B. Sept. 30, 1999), available at http://www.state.vt.us/psb/orders/document/5980phase2fnl.pdf. Order creating Energy Efficiency Utility for Vermont.
    • In re. Vermont Yankee Nuclear Power Corp. re: proposed sale of Vermont Yankee Nuclear Power Station, Docket No. 6300, 207 P.U.R. 4th 292 (Vt. P.S.B. Feb. 14, 2001), available at http://www.state.vt.us/psb/orders/2001/files/6300fnl.pdf. Denial of AmerGen Energy Company’s bid to purchase Vermont Yankee nuclear power plant
    • In re. Tariff Filing of Green Mountain Power Corp., Docket No. 6107, 207 P.U.R. 4th 1 (Vt. P.S.B. Jan. 23, 2001), available at http://www.state.vt.us/psb/orders/2001/files/6107final.pdf. Relief from potential bankruptcy, allocation of imprudent costs, restraints on unregulated affiliates, and ratepayer protection against unjust enrichment.
    • In re VEC and VEG&T: Order Reviewing (Im)Prudence of Power Plant Costs and Rejecting Debt Restructuring Agreement Docket No. ____, (Vt. P.S.B. December __, 1994). Draftsman and principal legal advisor.
    • In re. Least-Cost Investments, Energy Efficiency, Conservation, and Management of Demand for Energy, Docket No. 5270, 1990 WL 666762 (Vt. P.S.B. April 16, 1990).Requiring integrated resource plans and utility funded energy efficiency. Hearing Officer.
    • In re. Central Vermont Public Service Corp., Docket No. 5132; 83 P.U.R. 4th 532 (Vt. P.S.B. May 15, 1987). Disallowing cost-overruns for Seabrook nuclear plant. Drafted Board decision.
    • National Association of Metal Finishers v. E.P.A., 719 F.2d 624 (3d Cir. 1983). Removal of most toxic heavy metals from waste water across United States.Brief and argument.