​VLS Energy Clinicians, IEE Research Associates, and IEE Global Energy Fellows at Solarfest 2014 in Tinmouth, Vermont

Energy Clinic Overview

In September of 2014, the Institute for Energy and the Environment launched the first full academic year energy clinic in the U.S.  While at many schools, energy means oil and gas, at VLS we teach energy in the context of justice and the environment and what we want the world to be in 50 years.  Our energy clinic is focused on solar power development, particularly legal models that advance community solar ownership.  Students from other schools across the U.S. have come to VLS to work in our Energy Clinic because our passion and special training is concerned with the energy policy of the future.  As a result, our students have been hired directly from the Energy Clinic to meaningful positions in renewable energy development.

Vermont Law School's Energy Clinic provides opportunities for our JD, LLM and Master of Energy Regulation and Law students to progressively develop the knowledge, skills, and values integral to the practice of energy law and policy, while helping our clients meet local energy needs with reliable, clean and affordable resources.  Energy clinicians undertake projects to resolve energy policy challenges, in a sustainable and socially equitable manner, for both the local community and the world.

During the Energy Clinic's first year,​ energy clinicians actively developed and promoted improved models for community solar that maximize the environmental and economic benefits available for the community members.  Student clinicians developed model group net metering and purchase power agreements that are openly available for community use.  Clinicians utilize these agreements to collaborate with solar installers and community based organizations to advance community solar projects.  According to professor Kevin Jones, "the Energy Clinic allows us to expand upon classroom theory and give students the opportunity to develop the actual legal structures for community solar, as well as implement real projects."  

For the 2015-16 academic year the Energy Clinic is working on three project areas.   The Energy Clinic's leading community solar work continues with work on multiple community solar projects under development as well as work on state policy to advance community solar.  The Energy Clinic has also begun a new project to investigate barriers to low-income solar ownership with the hope of improving access to solar ownership so that clean, distributed solar can help reduce, rather than increase, income inequality.  Finally, the Energy Clinic has launched a new project working on advancing the use of anaerobic biodigesters to create both energy and compost from agriculture and food waste.

Future projects will promote both climate change mitigation and adaptation.  In addition to community solar, future clinicians can expect to work on client projects to support building energy efficiency, electric vehicle infrastructure, and local energy system resiliency.  ​​

Contact us at energyclinic@vermontlaw.edu​ ​

Vermont Law School's 500 kW solar array is under construction with the racking now in place.  

The Energy Clinic developed the RFP and evaluated 7 excellent proposals before selecting Tunbridge Solar as the winner.  This 500 kW of local solar will result in over half of the VLS campus electricity use offset by local solar power.  Like all of our campus solar projects the Tunbridge Solar array will utilize SolarWorld panels.  SolarWorld is the largest solar panel manufacturer in the U.S.  The Tunbridge Solar design includes having the panels four feet off the ground to allow sheep grazing on the land.  At the VLS Energy Clinic our students work for sustainable energy solutions for the local community and the world.​ 


Boardman Hill Solar Farm under construction in West Rutland, Vermont.  

VLS Energy Clinicians advised the landowners, who run a Vermont Land Trust conserved organic farm, on how to ensure that all future member owners of this unique 180 kW community solar project keep the renewable energy credits bundled with the net metered energy and thus reduce Vermont's carbon footprint. Unfortunately, too many so-called community solar projects are separating the RECs from the net metered energy and not reducing the local carbon footprint as net metered customers often believe.  Because of the work of the VLS Energy Clinic, not only will this farmland be forever conserved, but the solar farm will for the next 20 years reduce the farms and the LLC member owners local carbon footprint.  At the VLS Energy Clinic we work for sustainable energy solutions for the local community and the world.

Aegis Renewable Energy CEO Nils Behn, guest lecturing at the Energy Clinic, while also having a little fun demonstrating​ how a drone can be used to advance a clean energy economy.

Energy Clinicians, Claudia Colon, Jacinta Ritchie, and Annika Kolasa showing off their awards for contributing to local sustainability.  

These students from Puerto Rico, Seattle and Chicago left their mark on VLS through their leadership in successfully bringing 500 kW of solar to South Royalton, Vermont. Before the end of 2015 this successful energy clinic project will source over 50% of the schools electric use from locally developed clean solar energy.

Energy Clinic and Institute for Energy and the Environment students and faculty tour Northern Power Systems 100 kW wind power manufacturing facility in Barre, Vermont.

Energy Clinic Resources

Professor Kevin Jones explains on WCAX the :30 why Vermont's renewable energy programs are flawed and do not lead to additional greenhouse gas reductions.


Energy Clinicians, Jacinta and Thea, participate in the People's Climate March in NYC along with VLS Professor Pat Parenteau.  VLS had an amazing group of students and faculty​ participating in the march.

The first ever VLS Energy Clinic Team at the Eaton House working on improved legal and business models for community owned solar.

A ​Tesla ​​​​​​​​Roadster and Prius Plug-in charging at the VLS EV charging station with net-metered solar in background.  VLS has seven EV charging ports​ and is a Vermont leader in promoting public EV charging.  Transportation is Vermont's leading source of greenhouse gas emissions.