Spethhttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/People/DispForm.aspx?ID=59SpethGus SpethCo-Founder, New Economy Law Center<img alt="" src="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/people/Speth_James.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />JD, Yale Law School, 1969MLitt, Oxford University, 1966BA, Yale College, 1964802-831-1192<div>James Gustave "Gus" Speth joined the faculty at Vermont Law School in 2010. A Distinguished Senior Fellow with Demos, he completed his decade-long tenure in 2009 as dean of the Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies. From 1993 to 1999, he was administrator of the United Nations Development Programme and chair of the U.N. Development Group. Prior to his service at the U.N., he was founder and president of the World Resources Institute; professor of law at Georgetown University; chairman of the U.S. Council on Environmental Quality in the Carter administration; and senior attorney and co-founder of the Natural Resources Defense Council.</div><div><br>Throughout his career, Professor Speth has provided leadership and entrepreneurial initiatives to many task forces and committees whose roles have been to combat environmental degradation, including the President's Task Force on Global Resources and Environment; the Western Hemisphere Dialogue on Environment and Development; and the National Commission on the Environment. Among his awards are the National Wildlife Federation's Resources Defense Award, the Natural Resources Council of America's Barbara Swain Award of Honor, a 1997 Special Recognition Award from the Society for International Development, Lifetime Achievement Awards from the Environmental Law Institute and the League of Conservation Voters, and the Blue Planet Prize. He holds honorary degrees from Clark University, College of the Atlantic, Vermont Law School, Middlebury College, and the University of South Carolina. He is the author, co-author or editor of six books, including the award-winning "The Bridge at the Edge of the World: Capitalism, the Environment, and Crossing from Crisis to Sustainability" and "Red Sky at Morning: America and the Crisis of the Global Environment."<br></div><div>Professor Speth serves on the boards of the Natural Resources Defense Council, World Resources Institute, Rockefeller Brothers Fund, New Economics Institute, New Economy Network, 1Sky, and the Institute for Sustainable Communities. He graduated from Yale University in 1964 with a BA degree in political science, and earned an LLM degree in economics from Oxford University in 1966 and his JD degree from the Yale Law School in 1969.</div>GP0|#ba6d469e-8295-4322-b545-6d3b9b38c368;L0|#0ba6d469e-8295-4322-b545-6d3b9b38c368|Climate Change;GTSet|#d472df4a-bfc1-44e1-aba0-d9d3ce47ddf9;GP0|#5e903361-e236-40be-8763-90941358824d;L0|#05e903361-e236-40be-8763-90941358824d|Environmental EthicsGP0|#84094f35-8eaa-4481-b414-8bc4beec3f97;L0|#084094f35-8eaa-4481-b414-8bc4beec3f97|Faculty;GTSet|#f56df0fa-9bdb-4e22-abac-ddf5f696a71d;GPP|#d56ffc52-3a80-49e2-95fd-f49b2d4639a1Environmentalism in America; Masters Externship; New Frontiers in Environmental Policies

Biography

Biography

Publications

Publications

Books

    Chapters

      Articles

        Commentary

            Other

               

               

              Can the World Be Saved? - Ecological EconomicsCan the World Be Saved? - Ecological Economics<div class="ExternalClass76A454EAB63A424186CA9821073E5B71"> "'Can the World Be Saved?'," <em>Ecological Economics</em>, Vol. 1, No. 4, 1989. </div>2644Publication
              The United Nations and International Development: Forging a New Post Cold War RoleThe United Nations and International Development: Forging a New Post Cold War Role<div class="ExternalClass6DE2726BE7544648931E34FA43956414"><p>​"The United Nations and International Development: Forging a New Post Cold War Role," Foundation Day Lecture, <em>Tata Energy Research Institute</em>, Feb. 3, 1994</p></div>2439Publication
              Judicial Review of Displacee Relocation in Urban RenewalJudicial Review of Displacee Relocation in Urban Renewal<div class="ExternalClass9C46B30A23C94A55A0FFDBDB0E934014"> ​"Judicial Review of Displacee Relocation in Urban Renewal," <em>77 Yale Law Journal</em> 966, 1968. </div>2427Publication
              A Model Negative Income Tax StatuteA Model Negative Income Tax Statute<div class="ExternalClass05BD889AFE044F398C91A68DB86E911C"> ​"A Model Negative Income Tax Statute," 78 <em>Yale Law Journal</em> 269, 1968 (with others). </div>2426Publication
              The Federal Role in Technology Assessment and ControlThe Federal Role in Technology Assessment and Control<div class="ExternalClass61B93ED0E9074BA4B603715814E76C84"> ​"The Federal Role in Technology Assessment and Control," <em>Federal Environmental Law</em>, (E. Dolgin and T. Guilbert, ed.), 1974. </div>2424Publication
              The 1972 Federal Water Pollution Control Act: Problems and Prospects After One YearThe 1972 Federal Water Pollution Control Act: Problems and Prospects After One Year<div class="ExternalClass158D849F320D4A01902ABB063763D4E0"> ​"The 1972 Federal Water Pollution Control Act: Problems and Prospects After One Year," <em>Natural Resources Lawyer</em>, Spring, 1974. </div>2422Publication
              Plutonium RecyclePlutonium Recycle<div class="ExternalClassEEC5F841FCD449768F327E10F53430C9"> ​"Plutonium Recycle," <em>Environmental Action</em>, November 23 and December 7, 1974 (with Arthur Tamplin and Thomas Cochran). </div>2421Publication
              Plutonium Recycle: The Fateful StepPlutonium Recycle: The Fateful Step<div class="ExternalClass29AA16E5C96548D6B8800F8F3ABE17D6"> "Plutonium Recycle: The Fateful Step," <em>Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists</em>, November 1974 (with Thomas Cochran and Arthur Tamplin). </div>2420Publication
              The Hazards of PlutoniumThe Hazards of Plutonium<div class="ExternalClassC461B13EBFA44F10BEB5A17216C0E677"> ​"The Hazards of Plutonium," <em>Natural History</em>, January 1975. </div>2419Publication
              The Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor: A Poor BuyThe Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor: A Poor Buy<div class="ExternalClass485539DBBA2A4FCEA6264F6EE8311063"> ​"The Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor: A Poor Buy," <em>Environment</em>, May/June 1975 (with Thomas Cochran and Arthur Tamplin). </div>2418Publication
              Waiting for a Philosopher King: Making Cancer Policy Until Certainty ArrivesWaiting for a Philosopher King: Making Cancer Policy Until Certainty Arrives<div class="ExternalClassAA35D4CFB04942FD8EE0621298CD64FE"> ​"Waiting for a Philosopher King: Making Cancer Policy Until Certainty Arrives" <em>Sierra</em>, February/March, 1978. </div>2417Publication
              The Nuclear RecessionThe Nuclear Recession<div class="ExternalClass43922C21A2EF441196A1E359C34299C5"> ​"The Nuclear Recession," <em>Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists</em>, April 1978. </div>2416Publication
              A Civil Servant of the EnvironmentA Civil Servant of the Environment<div class="ExternalClass853197A8219E4BFB8B3D8DFDEE22B80A"> ​"A Civil Servant of the Environment," <em>The Center Magazine</em>, May/June, 1978. </div>2415Publication
              A Small Price To Pay: Inflation and Environmental ControlsA Small Price To Pay: Inflation and Environmental Controls<div class="ExternalClass845A7B0C14264F6AB2524EFE220BADCE"> "A Small Price To Pay: Inflation and Environmental Controls," <em>Environment</em>, October, 1978. </div>2414Publication
              The Sisyphus Syndrome: Acid Rain and Public ResponsibilityThe Sisyphus Syndrome: Acid Rain and Public Responsibility<div class="ExternalClass576DBBC0E09B4B01A372B7575266F93A"> ​"The Sisyphus Syndrome: Acid Rain and Public Responsibility," <em>National Parks and Conservation Magazine</em>, February, 1980. </div>2413Publication
              Our Nation's Water: A Threatened ResourceOur Nation's Water: A Threatened Resource<div class="ExternalClassB5F5FDD7A8ED409198D98C3AAE35657F"> ​"Our Nation's Water: A Threatened Resource," <em>Catalyst</em>, Vol. VII, No. 2, 1980. </div>2412Publication
              Our Environmental Future: Four Choices for the 1980'sOur Environmental Future: Four Choices for the 1980's<div class="ExternalClassC02544FC54E545EFA82CE9E036B57150"> "Our Environmental Future: Four Choices for the 1980's," <em>National Journal</em>, January 26, 1980. </div>2411Publication
              Simplifying Compliance with the National Environmental Policy ActSimplifying Compliance with the National Environmental Policy Act<div class="ExternalClassFE8051D3A29B45789592A42DDC20847B"> ​"Simplifying Compliance with the National Environmental Policy Act," <em>Sloan Management Review</em>, Summer 1980 (with Nicholas Yost). </div>2410Publication
              The Looming Test for MankindThe Looming Test for Mankind<div class="ExternalClass7227A83EFFB04311BCDC63641EBADC61"> ​"The Looming Test for Mankind," <em>The Living Wilderness</em>, September 1980. </div>2409Publication
              The Need for Federal InvolvementThe Need for Federal Involvement<div class="ExternalClass210AD29A11DB46739565A63A750B19B4"> ​"The Need for Federal Involvement," <em>Environmental Protection Agency Journal</em>, September 1980. </div>2408Publication
              Overview, A Long-Range Environmental OutlookOverview, A Long-Range Environmental Outlook<div class="ExternalClass637740AE882641C082C76E616363E47C"> "Overview," <em>A Long-Range Environmental Outlook</em>, National Research Council, 1980. </div>2407Publication
              Resources and Security: Perspectives from the Global 2000 ReportResources and Security: Perspectives from the Global 2000 Report<div class="ExternalClassABC86D3239E34349985AD6CCBD2543CB"> ​"Resources and Security: Perspectives from the Global 2000 Report," <em>World Future Society Bulletin</em>, September/October 1981. </div>2406Publication
              What To Expect in the Year 2000What To Expect in the Year 2000<div class="ExternalClass08B58C8ADC874505B530CF07127D24C1"> ​"What To Expect in the Year 2000," <em>Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists</em>, March 1981. </div>2405Publication
              Questions for a Critical DecadeQuestions for a Critical Decade<div class="ExternalClass293E8433BB044C48B5B4F760F8919888"> ​"Questions for a Critical Decade," <em>Columbia Journal of World Business</em>, Vol. XIX, No. 1, Spring, 1984. </div>2404Publication
              Environment, Economy, Security: The Emerging AgendaEnvironment, Economy, Security: The Emerging Agenda<div class="ExternalClass7B468FB029CD4AD6A70899F0D2C63FE3"> "Environment, Economy, Security: The Emerging Agenda," <em>Protecting Our Environment</em>, Center for National Policy, 1985. </div>2403Publication
              Sweltering in the GreenhouseSweltering in the Greenhouse<div class="ExternalClass5121850DF91D4C159432613A7310E6DA"> ​"Sweltering in the Greenhouse," <em>Los Angeles</em><em> Times</em>, August 1, 1986. </div>2402Publication
              A New Environmental AgendaA New Environmental Agenda<div class="ExternalClass8B5129D31EEE4C75B750A2D2FE93A108"> ​"A New Environmental Agenda," <em>Forum for Applied Research and Public Policy</em>, Summer, 1986. </div>2401Publication
              Now, for a Worldwide Phase-Out of CFCsNow, for a Worldwide Phase-Out of CFCs<div class="ExternalClassDC350EC62B204AE99486C13D8F1672E7"> ​"Now, for a Worldwide Phase-Out of CFCs," <em>Los Angeles</em><em> Times</em>, March 29, 1988. </div>2400Publication
              Environmental Pollution: A Long-Term PerspectiveEnvironmental Pollution: A Long-Term Perspective<div class="ExternalClassB917D96B6CF542EDA9720AD04A909449"> ​"Environmental Pollution: A Long-Term Perspective," <em>Earth '88: Changing Geographic Perspectives</em>, 1988. </div>2399Publication
              The Greening of TechnologyThe Greening of Technology<div class="ExternalClassCA78C306120E4CB8B1CB634563DD9E48"> ​"The Greening of Technology," <em>The Bridge</em>, National Academy of Engineering, Summer 1989. </div>2398Publication
              The Greening of TechnologyThe Greening of Technology<div class="ExternalClass6BB44982A66847808CAA1364B8353A29"> ​"The Greening of Technology," <em>Washington</em><em> Post</em>, November 20, 1988. </div>2397Publication
              Dedicate the 90's to the Environment: International Commitment Could Be Our Gift to New CenturyDedicate the 90's to the Environment: International Commitment Could Be Our Gift to New Century<div class="ExternalClass25F2D5411F4E4FC195306C42591F08C6"> "Dedicate the 90's to the Environment: International Commitment Could Be Our Gift to New Century," <em>Los Angeles Times</em>, February 1989. </div>2396Publication
              The Greening of the Summit: First-World Money and Third-World Ecology Can Prosper TogetherThe Greening of the Summit: First-World Money and Third-World Ecology Can Prosper Together<div class="ExternalClass0EE0010EB62A499188FD468E0D0CFCBB"> ​"The Greening of the Summit: First-World Money and Third-World Ecology Can Prosper Together<em>," Washington Post</em>, July 9, 1989. </div>2395Publication
              For North-South Cooperation To Save the EnvironmentFor North-South Cooperation To Save the Environment<div class="ExternalClass27126B6C8D024A04B1395941F4F4ECA8"> ​"For North-South Cooperation To Save the Environment," <em>International Herald Tribune</em>, July 12, 1989. </div>2394Publication
              Turning Point for the EarthTurning Point for the Earth<div class="ExternalClass61F69A822B8E4BBE86F3A7E3EA97C89D"> ​"Turning Point for the Earth," <em>GAO Journal</em>, No. 6, Summer 1989. </div>2393Publication
              The Global Environmental ChallengeThe Global Environmental Challenge<div class="ExternalClass0B5E85BC63D0445F815BC4CD6F048C2C"> ​"The Global Environmental Challenge," <em>International Agriculture</em>, Vol. 4, No 3, 1989. </div>2392Publication
              EPA and the World Clean-up PuzzleEPA and the World Clean-up Puzzle<div class="ExternalClass1EE8B455527F4B21B39850C13AE133F2"> ​"EPA and the World Clean-up Puzzle," <em>EPA Journal</em>, July/August 1989. </div>2391Publication
              The Global Environmental AgendaThe Global Environmental Agenda<div class="ExternalClass22F573A34BD54B7FA35D527D5F1478EA"> "The Global Environmental Agenda," <em>Environmental Science and Technology</em>, Vol. 23, No. 7, July 1989. </div>2389Publication
              Steps Toward SustainabilitySteps Toward Sustainability<div class="ExternalClass4D7877A029C048BA89740A3618263929"> ​"Steps Toward Sustainability," <em>The Earth in Transition</em>, (G. Woodwell Ed.) 1990. </div>2388Publication
              We Must Pay Full Price for EnergyWe Must Pay Full Price for Energy<div class="ExternalClassB3C504FF8194422783917D7660A1C1EA"> ​"We Must Pay Full Price for Energy," <em>Los Angeles</em><em> Times</em>, August 19, 1990. </div>2387Publication
              Coming to Terms: Toward a North-South Bargain for the EnvironmentComing to Terms: Toward a North-South Bargain for the Environment<div class="ExternalClass0DC79A6482BF4C2DA78495F170438FEE"> ​"Coming to Terms: Toward a North-South Bargain for the Environment," <em>Environment</em>, Vol 32, No. 5, June 1990. </div>2386Publication
              Six Steps Toward Environmental SecuritySix Steps Toward Environmental Security<div class="ExternalClass7C98DDBF59CB4910922928986FDAE79E"> ​"Six Steps Toward Environmental Security," <em>The Christian Science Monitor</em>, January 22, 1990. </div>2385Publication
              Environmental Security for the 1990s... In Six Not-So-Easy StepsEnvironmental Security for the 1990s... In Six Not-So-Easy Steps<div class="ExternalClassDD81FF5F24B5456DA83062935223BCA2"> "Environmental Security for the 1990s... In Six Not-So-Easy Steps," <em>World Resources Institute: Issues and Ideas</em>, January 1990. </div>2384Publication
              An Environmental Revolution in TechnologyAn Environmental Revolution in Technology<div class="ExternalClass127A4381A31448D58D8B4CE3EFA56241"> "An Environmental Revolution in Technology," <em>Environmental Science and Technology</em>, Vol. 24, No. 4, 1990. </div>2383Publication
              Compact for a New WorldCompact for a New World<div class="ExternalClassF4AA62074EE648A3A5EB9C41C8626413"> ​"Compact for a New World," <em>Report of the New World Dialogue on Environment and Development in the Western Hemisphere</em>, 1991 (principal author). </div>2382Publication
              EPA Must Help Lead an Environmental Revolution in TechnologyEPA Must Help Lead an Environmental Revolution in Technology<div class="ExternalClass2FCD246726C6468892AF4D66BAC75BA4"> ​"EPA Must Help Lead an Environmental Revolution in Technology," <em>Environmental Law</em>, Vol. 21, 1991. </div>2381Publication
              Partnership for Sustainable Development: A New U.S. Agenda for International Development and Environmental SecurityPartnership for Sustainable Development: A New U.S. Agenda for International Development and Environmental Security<div class="ExternalClass8E578FDA97B44D25AEEDBFF3D1F838F4"> ​"Partnership for Sustainable Development: A New U.S. Agenda for International Development and Environmental Security," <em>Report of an Environmental and Energy Study Institute Task Force</em> (chair), 1991. </div>2380Publication
              Meeting the North-South ChallengeMeeting the North-South Challenge<div class="ExternalClassA0C7DD26FDE742189718C38FD8702D5C"> "Meeting the North-South Challenge," <em>Changing America: Blueprints for the New Administration</em>, (M.Green ed.), 1992. </div>2379Publication
              Pollution vs. Payrolls: Going for the Gold, A National Strategy for Helping America Clean Up by Cleaning UpPollution vs. Payrolls: Going for the Gold, A National Strategy for Helping America Clean Up by Cleaning Up<div class="ExternalClass455B972977E647D3A57DBC1AE53C1AFF"> "Pollution vs. Payrolls: Going for the Gold, A National Strategy for Helping America Clean Up by Cleaning Up," <em>Washington Post</em>, October 4, 1992. </div>2378Publication
              The Transition to a Sustainable SocietyThe Transition to a Sustainable Society<div class="ExternalClass1366C1678D7D4749ACD7760932B2A145"> ​"The Transition to a Sustainable Society," <em>Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences,</em> Vol. 89, February 1992​. </div>2377Publication

              Presentations

              Presentations

               

               

              How Do We Define an 'Environmental Issue' and How Does the Answer Affect the Curriculum?How Do We Define an 'Environmental Issue' and How Does the Answer Affect the Curriculum?<div class="ExternalClassC9DAEB1A9603428C9F660F0910236215">​"How Do We Define an 'Environmental Issue' and How Does the Answer Affect the Curriculum?," Keynote Speech, 10th Annual Environmental Consortium of Colleges and Universities, Pleasantville, NY, November 9, 2013.​ </div>http://www.environmentalconsortium.org/news/annualmeet_keynotes.html2430Presentation
              Reimagining America: An Evening with Gus Speth & Juliet SchorReimagining America: An Evening with Gus Speth & Juliet Schor<div class="ExternalClassEA49C5E319B742E1BE51FFEFFB78B50F"> ​"Reimagining America: An Evening with Gus Speth & Juliet Schor," with Juliet Schor, The Center for a New American Dream, November 8, 2013.​ </div>http://www.newdream.org/events/reimagining-america?&utm_medium=email&utm_source=newdream&utm_content=2&utm_campaign=email&source=email2432Presentation
              America the Possible: For a Bright Future Change the SystemAmerica the Possible: For a Bright Future Change the System<div class="ExternalClassECFC96B062DF4C139E82598EEEBBC8E5"> ​​"America the Possible: For a Bright Future Change the System," Bracken Library Environmental Lectures, Ball State University, November 7, 2013.​​​​ </div>http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/Speth_BallStateFlyer.pdf2433Presentation
              Measuring What MattersMeasuring What Matters<div class="ExternalClassF1174CC0CBB9418FA3A63F6EC82FC6F2">​​"Measuring What Matters," Vermont's New Economy Week, Montpelier, VT, October 17, 2013.​ </div>http://vtneweconomy.org/node/532435Presentation
              The Town House ForumThe Town House Forum<div class="ExternalClass4D116FF8F41E4EFB94582188AA6E3D31"> ​The Town House Forum, with Bill McKibben, Strafford, VT, August 15, 2013.​ </div>2437Presentation
              A New American Environmentalism and the New EconomyA New American Environmentalism and the New Economy<div class="ExternalClass8E9FB30C9FEC43659C853ABE7120C653"> "A New American Environmentalism and the New Economy," 10th Annual John H. Chafee Memorial Lecture, National Council for Science and the Environment, January 21, 2010.​ </div>2438Presentation
              Towards Sustainable Food SecurityTowards Sustainable Food Security<div class="ExternalClassDA70AFF8F9EB4AE799BBA70B03148DFC"> <em>Towards Sustainable Food Security</em>, Sir John Crawford Memorial Lecture, Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research, October 25, 1993.​ </div>2440Presentation

              Awards & Accomplishments

              Awards & Accomplishments

               

               

              Honorary Director, World Resources InstituteHonorary Director, World Resources Institute<div class="ExternalClass4B1426410CBB494F96EF8F9B89F3DF07"> Honorary Director, World Resources Institute.​ </div>2484Award, Honor or Grant
              Thomas Berry Great Work AwardThomas Berry Great Work Award<div class="ExternalClassAC2D052ED1EF48CAB4C73BB5DDE9BBB5"> ​Thomas Berry Great Work Award. Environmental Consortium of Colleges and Universities, 2013​.​ </div>2476Award, Honor or Grant
              Yale Law School Association Award of MeritYale Law School Association Award of Merit<div class="ExternalClass3A18825289B14C1AB5C330A703BE423E"> ​Yale Law School Association Award of Merit, 2010.​ </div>2475Award, Honor or Grant
              A "Best Book" of the Year, Washington Post Book World, 2008A "Best Book" of the Year, Washington Post Book World, 2008<div class="ExternalClassB11BF46C911B423FA25C9A8BBCE2342A"><p>​A "Best Book" of the Year, Washington Post Book World, 2008 (for <em>The Bridge at the Edge of the World</em>)</p></div>2474Award, Honor or Grant
              ​Lifetime Achievement Award, League of Conservation Voters​Lifetime Achievement Award, League of Conservation Voters<div class="ExternalClass4C6787F29365452BA814251C88B2EF1D"> ​Lifetime Achievement Award, League of Conservation Voters, 2008.​ </div>2473Award, Honor or Grant
              Hutchinson MedalHutchinson Medal<div class="ExternalClassDE760A8C1D754AC8B67E9C3FFB5A6E20"> ​Hutchinson Medal, The Horticultural Society of Chicago, 2008.​ </div>2472Award, Honor or Grant
              Straus Innovator AwardStraus Innovator Award<div class="ExternalClass59A5A72CB41A4571BEA8CC6A0EEE6D00"> ​Straus Innovator Award, 2008.​ </div>2471Award, Honor or Grant
              DeVane LecturerDeVane Lecturer<div class="ExternalClass86C30E31334F4206BA06C7C3BF91496F"><p>​DeVane Lecturer, Yale University, 2007.</p></div>2470Award, Honor or Grant
              Yale Anglers' Journal Hall of FameYale Anglers' Journal Hall of Fame<div class="ExternalClassBB02E013E71C4729A062340A745983FC"> Yale Anglers' Journal Hall of Fame, 2006.​ </div>2468Award, Honor or Grant
              Connecticut Book AwardConnecticut Book Award<div class="ExternalClassFA30BBEFEDA74BEDAF606A3A17C900E4"> ​Connecticut Book Award, Best Nonfiction Book, 2005 (for <em>Red Sky at Morning</em>).​ </div>2467Award, Honor or Grant
              Global Environmental Award, International Association for Impact AssessmentGlobal Environmental Award, International Association for Impact Assessment<div class="ExternalClass29F79894D9B14B788C8081AB5DB8C141"><p>​Global Environmental Award, International Association for Impact Assessment, 2005.</p></div>2465Award, Honor or Grant
              Blue Planet PrizeBlue Planet Prize<div class="ExternalClass57227B63D2344EF6851BAE3908E2F17A"><p>​Blue Planet Prize, 2002</p></div>2464Award, Honor or Grant
              ​Lifetime Achievement Award, Environmental Law Institute​Lifetime Achievement Award, Environmental Law Institute<div class="ExternalClassA05A73868D044120A7682857DDDCBE25"> ​Lifetime Achievement Award, Environmental Law Institute, 1999. </div>​2463Award, Honor or Grant
              Grand Cordon du Wissam Alaouite of MoroccoGrand Cordon du Wissam Alaouite of Morocco<div class="ExternalClass9252C85CEA8C43639D11ABD23A40585A"><p>​Grand Cordon du Wissam Alaouite of Morocco. 1999</p></div>2462Award, Honor or Grant
              Ordre National du Lion of SenegalOrdre National du Lion of Senegal<div class="ExternalClassC0FF626EFBA4440586A9BFAB696CCF07"> ​Ordre National du Lion of Senegal, ​1998​. </div>2461Award, Honor or Grant
              Special Leadership AwardSpecial Leadership Award<div class="ExternalClassC26541AEDDF34458BE49EF812CB2C455"> ​Special Leadership Award, Alliance for United Nations Sustainable Development Programs, 1998.​ </div>2459Award, Honor or Grant
              Special Recognition AwardSpecial Recognition Award<div class="ExternalClass9372CBD0ADB84B5589B17450D22E0173"> ​Special Recognition Award, Society for International Development,​ 1997. </div>2458Award, Honor or Grant
              Keystone Center Creative Environmental Leadership AwardKeystone Center Creative Environmental Leadership Award<div class="ExternalClassDA42078559A746BBB45C7370ED6CBC95"> ​Keystone Center Creative Environmental Leadership Award, 1994.​ </div>2457Award, Honor or Grant
              Barbara Swain AwardBarbara Swain Award<div class="ExternalClass7E2C5FBBBE0245FE93AB65B1922F251C"><p>​Barbara Swain Award. National Resources Council of America. 1992</p></div>2455Award, Honor or Grant
              National Leadership AwardNational Leadership Award<div class="ExternalClass31F8B2812E3A4726BE23D89F6EFABDC3"> ​National Leadership Award, ​Keystone Center, 1991.​ </div>2454Award, Honor or Grant
              Global 500 Roll of HonourGlobal 500 Roll of Honour<div class="ExternalClass72A01BCFE92C45AEBB9B0BDFE2445247"><p>​Global 500 Roll of Honour, UN Environment Programme, 1988.</p></div>2453Award, Honor or Grant
              Resource Defense Award.Resource Defense Award.<div class="ExternalClassA0A51911756D4EBDA814E41D17B93C6F"> ​Resource Defense Award, National Wildlife Federation, 1975. </div>2451Award, Honor or Grant
              ​Honorary Doctor of Laws, Clark University​Honorary Doctor of Laws, Clark University<div class="ExternalClassDAD32811844442FC91568A3CEAEC3D06"> Honorary Doctor of Laws, Clark University, Worcester, MA. ​1995.​</div>2450Award, Honor or Grant
              Honorary Master of Philosophy, College of the AtlanticHonorary Master of Philosophy, College of the Atlantic<div class="ExternalClass45A5C8222DB942359D38DCF16CBECBD2"> ​Honorary Master of Philosophy. College of the Atlantic, Bar Harbor, ME, 2001.​ </div>2448Award, Honor or Grant
              ​Honorary Doctor of Laws, Vermont Law School​Honorary Doctor of Laws, Vermont Law School<div class="ExternalClassD15519EF7D3B4FC68404A91A9F9B3700"> ​Honorary Doctor of Laws, Vermont Law School, South Royalton, VT, 2005. </div>​2447Award, Honor or Grant
              ​Honorary Doctor of Science, Middlebury College​Honorary Doctor of Science, Middlebury College<div class="ExternalClass5F0E8B981FB6423C8B0D0F3C5F2091F7"> ​Honorary Doctor of Science, Middlebury College, Middlebury, VT,​ 2007. </div>2446Award, Honor or Grant
              ​Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters, University of South Carolina​Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters, University of South Carolina<div class="ExternalClass85B8ED3779154C97B4E4A0ABF356C66C"> ​Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC,​ 2008. </div>2445Award, Honor or Grant
              ​Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters, Green Mountain College​Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters, Green Mountain College<div class="ExternalClass1D4594257AFD45B0800699709936F20F"> Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters, Green Mountain College, Poultney, VT,​ 2012. </div>2444Award, Honor or Grant
              ​Honorary Doctor of Sustainability Science, Unity College​Honorary Doctor of Sustainability Science, Unity College<div class="ExternalClass095C18566A434B0E92F5333CFD64C939"> ​Honorary Doctor of Sustainability Science, Unity College, Unity, ME, 2013.</div>2442Award, Honor or Grant
              ​Honorary Doctor of Laws, University of Massachusetts Boston​Honorary Doctor of Laws, University of Massachusetts Boston<div class="ExternalClass75CD59314D5042DA9B08AFBA968671D1"> ​Honorary Doctor of Laws, University of Massachusetts Boston, Boston, MA, 2013. </div>​2441Award, Honor or Grant

               

               

              Taking Stock: Rethinking ConsumerismTaking Stock: Rethinking Consumerism<div class="ExternalClass6DCC7592F1244F08B34136736D0CC4A6"> ​"Taking Stock: Rethinking Consumerism," <em>Marketplace</em> (interview), July 13, 2009.​ </div>http://www.marketplace.org/topics/business/taking-stock/taking-stock-rethinking-consumerism2235Media Contribution

               

               

              Advisory board member, Vermont Natural Resources CouncilAdvisory board member, Vermont Natural Resources Council<div class="ExternalClass95BDCC8D184E4A0F992147C8987A979B"><div>​Advisory board member: </div><div><ul></div><div><li> Vermont Natural Resources Council</li></div><div><li> Southern Environmental Law Center</li></div><div><li> EcoAmerica, 350.org</li></div><div><li> Labor Network for Sustainability</li></div><div><li> Heinz Center</li></div><div><li> Vermont Institute for Natural Science</li></div><div><li> United Republic/RepresentUS</li></div><div><li> Democracy Collaborative Next System Project</li></div><div></ul></div><p><br></p></div>2485Affiliation
              Honorary Trustee, Natural Resources Defense CouncilHonorary Trustee, Natural Resources Defense Council<div class="ExternalClass5DCFE43755044A7B8DAB5C74408DD34F"><p>​Honorary Trustee, Natural Resources Defense Council</p></div>2483Affiliation
              Director, New Economics InstituteDirector, New Economics Institute<div class="ExternalClass31C66D155DC442A68D096F8AE57FA745"><p>​Director, New Economics Institute</p></div>2482Affiliation
              Director, Institute for Sustainable CommunitiesDirector, Institute for Sustainable Communities<div class="ExternalClassF376DEC006C74A7ABBDE201C63B87640"><p>​Director, Institute for Sustainable Communities</p></div>2481Affiliation